SDN Members don't see this ad. (About Ads) I'm a little confused in regard to all the talk about civilian residency vs. military. For example, let's say you want to do surgery. Let's say that your branch doesn't particularly need surgeons at that time, but needs OB/GYN's or something else. Can they trap you into a specialty you're not interested in to suit their needs? Or, let's say you have no desire to do a military residency for whatever reason. Is there a process that allows you to choose a civilian residency that is more suited to your goals? Edit: Lastly, let's say you wish to do a fellowship right after residency. Do they typically give you a hard time about this?