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How to memorize hormones

Discussion in 'MCAT Discussions' started by swifteagle43, Mar 6, 2007.

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  1. swifteagle43

    swifteagle43 Lover- not a fighter

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    Hey how did you guys memorize which hormones come from which gland and are composed of what?

    Just brute memorization force? I have having a hard time remembering all the glands/hormones/if they are lipid/peptide or tyrosine based. Got any advice?
  2. wisguy

    wisguy

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    I liked the EK method - memorizing by the gland - because all the hormones produced by a gland are of the same type. Then try flashcards if you need more practice.
  3. Funky

    Funky This space is for sale

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    I used the method of the gland producing the same type also. I printed out that page in EK bio with all the glands and put it up on my wall to look at every day and I just noticed it's still up there.
  4. wisguy

    wisguy

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    Ha...I intentionally removed all my MCAT stuff from my office and put all my books in their EK box in an effort to put the test out of my mind while waiting for scores. Didn't work, though.
  5. phospho

    phospho SDN Lifetime Donor Lifetime Donor

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    hmm, i haven't reviewed them in a while...i'll do that now in this case...

    You’ve got the anterior pituitary, the flat pig, and posterior pituitary, audio osmosis:
    Flat Pig = FSH, LH, ACTH, TSH, Prolactin, Ignore, Growth Hormone
    Audio Osmosis = AO = ADH and Oxytocin

    Now go from outside to inside: Adrenal Cortex to Adrenal Medulla: CANE
    Cortex = CA = Cortisol and Aldosterone
    Medulla = NE – norepi and epi

    Then you’ve got the thyroid (T3 and T4, i.e. thyroxine) and parathyroid (PTH)

    Do you like pot? I like pot: POT = Pancreas (sugar up for glucagon, and sugar down for insulin), Ovaries (estrogen & progesterone – think menstruation/), Testes (testosterone and estrogen – also think menstruation, lol, j/k)

    I’m at work, so I might be missing something… if I haven’t confused you even more, I hope this helped you at least a little bit… memorize them cold…no easy way out… I did what docfunk did…it worked like a charm…if I recall correctly, it’s page 117…

    Best of luck…
  6. phospho

    phospho SDN Lifetime Donor Lifetime Donor

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    oh there's another glad at the very end... something for pregnancy...i forgot it... either way, it uses three hormones... two i've already mentioned (im thinking estrogen and progesterone and something else)...:D
  7. gujuDoc

    gujuDoc

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    Also in response to everyone else, remember that the majority of the steroid hormones end in -ol or -one except for one or two of them. I just straight memorized it but I think the method they are suggesting of memorizing by gland is a good method.
  8. wisguy

    wisguy

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    Remember that steroid hormones are a cholesterOL derivative. That's something that a free standing question might ask anyhow, so it's good information and it also will help you remember what type of hormone it is.
  9. HippocratesX

    HippocratesX Member

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    ...and HCG hormone from the placenta. It stimulates the other 2 you mentioned (estrogen and progesterone) to be released.
  10. mh82ai3

    mh82ai3

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    mnemonic for adrenal cortex:
    3 layers - GFR (glomerular filtration rate)

    but for here they are from outside in:
    G - zona glomerulosa makes aldosterone -> salt regulation
    F - zona fasiculata makes cortisol -> for stuff including blood sugar
    R - zona reticularis makes sex hormones (testosterone)

    the deeper you go the sweeter it gets

    you always remember the dirty ones
  11. phospho

    phospho SDN Lifetime Donor Lifetime Donor

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    yep ...:thumbup:
  12. phospho

    phospho SDN Lifetime Donor Lifetime Donor

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    naa, too easy...would probably shoot for something making us tie the smooth ER with steroid synthesis with cholesterol derivatives with steroid hormones, etc...
  13. swifteagle43

    swifteagle43 Lover- not a fighter

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    Yes I do enjoy pot I quit smoking in 6 months ago to study for this. And WOW! What a great pneumonic system!!!!
  14. HippocratesX

    HippocratesX Member

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    Just wanted to add to this whole hormone topic; Besides for having just memorized the hormones, I think that understanding the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone pathway is a good thing to have down, especially to tie a few organ systems together and look at it holistically.

    when blood pressure is low, renin is released, activating angiotensinogen (sp?) to turn into angiotensin - which then increases the blood pressure by constricting vessels, and angiotensin also stimulates the release of aldosterone from the adrenal glands. Aldosterone then causes retention of water and sodium in the kidney, thus increasing blood volume and blood pressure. Apparently its a high yield medical topic (the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone pathway)...so just thought it might be worth noting...
  15. Dr.Masamichi

    Dr.Masamichi

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    Since I just studied this section I'd like to make just a tiny bit of correction here. Actually, aldosterone (again end in sterone so u know it's from steroid hormone family) causes retention of sodium in kidney...this causes the secretion of ADH from the posterior pituitary to absorb water. This is very important to remember because even if the kidney retains sodium but ADH is not secreted, water will not be absorbed because ADH stimulates the production of more water channels (I think or more Na+/K+ channels) so water can be absorbed due to high conc. of Na+ in the nephron medulla. That's all I got to contribute.

    About memorizing the hormones, I just remember them cold...put them in ur long term memory instead of short term memory then u won't forget:D
  16. Dr.Masamichi

    Dr.Masamichi

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    Hey, u forget to include MSH (melanocyte stimulating hormone) in the list of AP's list. *AP (anterior pituitary):)
  17. HippocratesX

    HippocratesX Member

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    Yes, antidiuretic hormone (ADH) causes the collecting ducts to be permeable to water, so that water flows back into the body system and out of the filtration system, making the filtrate more concentrated and less volume....thus the body retains water. Thanks for your correction:)

    I was asking a urologist about this and he was saying that ADH comes in the form of pills as well, called desmopressin or vassopressin. They prescribe it for elderly patients who are troubled by getting up to urinate 5-6 times within the night. And sometimes also for children who wet the bed. Althought, if they have high blood pressure, then they take them off the antidiuretics and give them a diuretic. Btw...diuretic just means "tending to get rid of water/urine" from the body.

    It always helps me to look at the big picture of what is doing what and why by relating it to concrete examples. That way the information sticks.
  18. HippocratesX

    HippocratesX Member

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    Phospho left it out because EK (examkrackers) does not include it as one of the 'important' hormones from the AP to memorize
  19. CATallergy

    CATallergy

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    good map at wiki:
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Renin-angiotensin-aldosterone_system.png
  20. EECStoMed

    EECStoMed Persistence > Intel

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    Quick correction to your statement as I didn't want some people getting the wrong idea. The thyroid actually stimulates two types of hormones, the tyrosine ones, T3 and T4 and also calcitonin which is a peptide hormone. It's the only gland that secretes two types. Cheers :D

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