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Absolutely! This question is basically asking which of the options can be used as precursors in gluconeogenesis. We know this by going back to the part of the passage where they mention that "the glucose pool must be replenished" and then reference glucogenic amino acids.
In humans, acetyl-CoA CANNOT be used as a precursor in gluconeogenesis. You mentioned your notes - are those that first image you attached? If so, take a look at acetyl-CoA (in the bottom right corner). From this image, we see that acetyl-CoA is already in the mitochondria. From here, acetyl-CoA can be used in the citric acid cycle, but it is NOT considered a gluconeogenic substrate because it cannot feasibly be used to produce pyruvate in the cytosol.
If this is still unclear, let me know - some online sources do a great job explaining it. And regarding your second comment - what question were you talking about where the answer is glucagon?
Again, good luck with your MCAT studying