I'm really not sure how one claims or proves racial/ethnic background. Is there some standard to measure how Black, Latino, or, in my case, Pacific Islander one is? (These are not philosophical questions. I'm really wondering how this is done.) Here's my story: My mom is Indo (Dutch-Indonesian biracial) and from Indonesia (formerly the "Dutch East Indies"). She was a Dutch citizen who, at age 6, was forced to leave with her family for Holland after Indonesia's independence. She came to the U.S. when she was 13. She became a citizen in her twenties. My questions: 1. First, are Indonesians considered "Asians" or "Pacific Islanders"? 2. If they are Pac. Islanders, is my mom one, despite her "Dutch blood"? (Racial blood - such a ridiculous concept.) 3. Am I? 4. How do I prove it? 5. Finally, am I a URM?