You have to complete a year-long internship at an ACGME approved program. Most people do a transitional year program, here's the list. You can do your PGY-1 year in internal medicine, surgery or even pediatrics. From the AAO: Residency Match - American Academy of Ophthalmology
All you have to do is match into a PGY-1 year through presumably ERAS/NRMP, complete that and then apply through the ophthalmology match. I don't know why it works that way, but that's how it works.
i am new to these things . only got ecfmg certified last yearJesus christ this is not true at all... are you a premed?
You apply for PGY1 and PGY2 at the same time. this year all PGY1s will be at the same institutions, some joint, others integrated.