If one was interested in peds surgery and wanted to take a year off for research but the program is of a strict 5yr duration without an optional research year, how should one go about it? One option would be to do it at the end of 5 yrs, but then one would be applying for the fellowship. Normally one applies in the 4th year and matches at the end of 4th year to start after finishing the 5th GS year. Here if one applies during the research year and matches at the end of the research year, then there will be another year before one starts the fellowship. Is there any way to avoid this gap or a repeat of research year?