I finally managed to wade my way through 'Affect Regulation and the Origin of the Self: The Neurobology of Emotional Development'. Do we have any cognitive psychologists posting here? (I don't mean cognitive therapists, I mean cognitive psychologists). What I'm wondering is... How do you reconcile psychodynamic structures / processes with cognitive psychological structures / processes? Sometimes we can do a little bit of a hierarchy like this: Biology Chemistry Physics Where (so to speak) once God fixed the facts of physics the facts of chemistry and biology were fixed for free. It wasn't that on day one he fixed the facts of physics and on day two he fixed the facts of chemistry etc. Is pychodynamic theory at the same level as cognitive psychology (hence they could be genuine rivals) or is it higher level (where the facts of psychodynamic theory are fixed by the facts at the cognitive psychological level)? Of course cognitive psychology is far from complete, but I hope you get the notion that I'm gesturing towards some idealised 'final science' when it is complete. I found this a while back: http://arts.adelaide.edu.au/humaniti...nconscious.pdf I agree with the authors conclusion that cognitive psychology HAS NOT vindicated the dynamic unconscious. Then the issue becomes 'how crucial is the dynamic unconscious for psychodynamic theory'? Because maybe psychodynamic theory could simply dispense with it too... I'd be interested in peoples thoughts.