For those who have practiced pharmacy or are currently practicing pharamcy, in your estimation what is the probability that medicare or hmo's will reimburse for pharmacists clinical interventions. Most of the journal articles I have read provide evidence that pharmacists interventions are economically beneficial but the studies have not been very well designed. Also, the ACP is supportive of furthering the role of the pharmacis but only with additional empircal evidence that it is justfied. It seems in the world of managed care this is central to the future of the profession. It also seems with polypharmacy among the elderly and the rapid advancements in the field that pharmacists interventions would have both positive economic and clinical outcomes.