Hi. I know that research experience makes a difference in getting into some residency programs (especially non-primary care residencies). I plan to do one summer of research between my M1 and M2 years, which isn't a whole lot. However, I have about three years of research in Biochemistry/Genetics from my undergraduate years and a few publications in some upper-level journals. I know my undergraduate research experience will help me secure a residency. My question is how much will it help? When most programs specify "research experience," are they referring mostly to medical research experience or do they mean any type of scientific research? I can't imagine a lot of medical students having the time to engage in serious research experiments. At my medical school, students are only given real opportunities for research during the first two summers, which isn't a lot of time. So what do these residency programs mean? Any help would be appreciated.