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Discussion in 'MCAT Discussions' started by lady bug, May 14, 2002.
Which one is more detrimental to the host- lytic cycle or lysogenic cycle?
The lytic cycle is where the virus is actually breaking out and causing cell death.
one thing that's good about the lysogenic cycle (in the virus' perspective) is that your host doesn't die off immediately. you can assure a high number of viruses before killing off the host and going to a new one.
During a lytic cycle, the bacteriophage uses the replicative machinery of the bacterial cell to make many copies of its viral genome and to produce structural proteins of the phage head and tail. After phage DNA genomes are packaged into phage particles, the cell lyses (ruptures), releasing progeny phage capable of infecting other bacteria.
During a lysogenic cycle, the phage's DNA is inserted into the circular bacterial chromosome. The viral genome remains dormant in the bacterial chromosome, being replicated and passed to progeny bacteria along with host DNA sequences. When an appropriate extracelluar signal (e.g. environmental stress, UV light) impacts the bacterium, the viral plasmid genome is excised from the bacterial chromosome, and the phage initiates a typical lytic cycle.
So as far as which is more detrimental, the lytic will have a more immediate impact. However, over time it seems they both will eventually destroy the host.
Here is a physics question concerning optics...
When light travels from air to water
a. it's frequency increases
b. it's frequency decreases
c. it's wavelength increases
d. it's wavelength decreases
And most importantly, why does the effect occur?
I think the answer is D. The n of water is greater than the n of air, and since n=c/v, v is slower in water. v=frequency times wavelength, and since the frequency is always constant, the wavelength goes down.