1. Visit this thread to beta-test StudySchedule.org. StudySchedule is a free nonprofit site that builds dynamic MCAT study schedules unique for your needs and timeline.
Check out the new Application Assistant, where you can calculate your LizzyM score, see how you rank compared to other applicants, and see a list of schools where similar students were accepted.

Where in the body is bicarbonate made?

Discussion in 'MCAT Study Question Q&A' started by m25, Sep 20, 2014.

  1. SDN is made possible through member donations, sponsorships, and our volunteers. Learn about SDN's nonprofit mission.
  1. m25

    m25

    304
    19
    May 28, 2014
    So bicarbonates are secreted by pancreas, but where in the body is bicarbonate made? Is it also made in the pancreas?
     
  2. SDN Members don't see this ad. About the ads.
  3. StIGMA

    StIGMA Doctor Professor 7+ Year Member

    1,015
    149
    Jul 6, 2008
    PhD
    Man, you ask a lot of questions.

    Bicarbonate is interconverted to/from CO2 and H2O in every part of your body. The enzyme carbonic anhydrase accelerates this process. You can find the expression pattern of different isoforms of this enzyme online, such as here http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carbonic_anhydrase. It is not very important to know.

    Big organs that are important are the kidneys and bloodstream, both for pH regulation.
     
  4. 403710

    403710 Guest 2+ Year Member

    712
    169
    Jun 12, 2011
    Brooklyn, NY
    I think it's specifically made in RBCs. Carbonic anhydride catalyze the conversion of CO2 to H2CO3 inside RBCs. Then the H2CO3 gets deprotonated to HCO3, bicarbonate.


    Posted using SDN Mobile
     
  5. Czarcasm

    Czarcasm Hakuna matata, no worries. 2+ Year Member

    968
    404
    Jun 22, 2013
    Crypts of Lieberk├╝hn
    Any cell that carries the enzyme Carbonic Anhydrase, you should expect bicarbonate to be present in a significant amount. RBC's are jam packed with them as they play a crucial role in maintaining constant blood pH, as does certain cells in the nephron of the kidney, which are responsible for sereting excess H+ into the nephron tubule to be excreted. The lower ductal cells of the pancreas and gallbladder also pump bicarbonate with their secretions to help neutralize the acidic chyme entering the small intestines; this also facilitates the optimal pH for various pancreatic enzymes to function.
     
  6. m25

    m25

    304
    19
    May 28, 2014
    Ah, so gallbladder also secretes bicarbonate?
    So when pancreas and gallbladder secrete bicarbonate to small intestine, are they secreting bicarbonate that was made in their own cells, or are they simply COLLECTING bicarbonate that was made in other parts of the body (as you said, mainly from RBC) and then pumping it to the small intestine, or are they doing both?
     
    Czarcasm likes this.
  7. Czarcasm

    Czarcasm Hakuna matata, no worries. 2+ Year Member

    968
    404
    Jun 22, 2013
    Crypts of Lieberk├╝hn
    Both have cells lining the ducts, each cell with specific antiporters that pump bicarbonate out and chloride in, both down their concentration gradients. Those cells also have the enzyme carbonic anhydrase, so they are made by those ductal cells, not elsewhere.

    Also as a point of clarification, bicarbonate is released with all the other contents (with bile in the gall bladder and with pancreatic juices, enzymes, etc. in the pancreas). These contents in turn are released by both hormonal and neuronal stimulation (opens sphincters that are otherwise closed). In otherwords, we cannot specifically secrete bicarbonate into the small intestines, but rather everything mixed with it as well.
     

Share This Page