A gem I found for 3rd and 4th year endo students regarding rotary endodontics

Discussion in 'Dental' started by psiyung, Jul 27, 2011.

  1. psiyung

    psiyung 1K Member
    10+ Year Member

    Oct 23, 2004
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    This reading would have saved me a lot of headaches after graduating...

    File breakage should be infrequent....like 1 or 2 files per 100 teeth.

    I've broken files. I've had a few bad ones. But it is a very rare event. Rarely do files break completely without warning. The trouble is we sometimes don't know what the warning signs are....or the dangerous ways that we use them are not recognized as being dangerous....and essentially we're getting lucky a lot. You should probably be breaking more files than you do but you're just lucky that they don't break. You don't know it though.

    As we build our understanding of what we're doing we get better. Take crown impressions. As you practice longer and longer you get better and better at taking them and you understand what the problems are that give you poor results.

    Same with filing. The bad thing is that most general dentists do more crowns than root canals...

    Any file will break when it's cutting too much. It's not the curves. We've seen plenty of guys post cases over the years with crazy curves that were instrumented with rotary NiTi files. If it was the curves that broke them they'd be loose in the canal after they broke.

    The brilliance Steve Buchanan introduced with the original Greater Taper concept was that if you aren't cutting with to much of the file at once you won't get into trouble.

    It's like sawing a board with a hand saw. You have to periodically change the angle of the saw in relation to the wood to keep the drag down. So you change the angle and immediately start cutting less of a bite.

    You have to think of your instrumentation sequence the same way.

    The coronal canal needs to be shaped. Gates glidden #2 and #3 are great for this and they are relatively cheap. That gets the coronal 2-3mm of the canal to a size 90ish and the next 2-3mm to a 70ish.

    How hard is it once you're at your length with a 15 to take a 20 there? then a 25? That's easy. Then grab a 30 and take it with a little balanced forces to wherever it wants to go without putting any muscle into it......repeat that with a 40.

    NaOCl rinse throughout all this and every 3rd file take a 10 file to patency. This seems like a lot to do if you're a dental student and are working in the lab out of your "cookbook" instructions.....but if you're already taking a 15 to length...I'm talking about adding about 2 minutes of hand filing onto the procedure at this point.

    If you do this you will never break a rotary file. You just won't. At this point.....you've not used any rotary files but you're already at a 25 at WL and have about a 4-6 taper in the apical 4mm and a 5-7 taper the rest of the way to the orifice.

    At this point you could jump right to the F1 which is a 20-07....the tip won't even engage but the file will basically smooth out the remainder of the canal. Now jump to a landed file at 25-06 or 30-06 and that should go to length with little effort. In most smaller canals you are essentially done. In a larger canal you might want to take a 30-08 GT or GTX to deepen the shape. These shapes are easy to create and can be irrigated well.

    So that's what? 2 rotary files?

    Chuck them.

    Studies show that you can't predictably clean them.....and NiTi doesn't hold an edge as well as steel....and a duller file means more drag. It's only 2 files. That 30-08, if you didn't have to push on it, could probably be re-used another time.

    There are many other ways to do this. Think about cavities...if a patient wanted.....they could probably take measures to ensure they would never have another cavity in their life.....it could conceivably be done. It's a motivation factor.
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  2. DrJeff

    DrJeff Senior Member
    Moderator Emeritus Verified Expert 10+ Year Member

    Nov 30, 2000
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    Rotary file tips from my experiences:

    1) STRAIGHT LINE ACCESS Totally key. And by STRAIGHT LINE, I mean STRAIGHT line!!! If that rotary isn't dropping into that canal parallel to the long access of the tooth, breakout out your high speed and remove some more tooth structure so that it is! Not only will this make your access easier for both instrumentation and obturation, but if you've got a curved canal, it will ultimately lead to less mechanical stress on the file

    2) Don't be afraid of going back to hand files once you've using rotary files on a canal. Really key in curved canals to maintain length decrease the stress on the files. I almost look at the instrumentation of a curve canal as a 2 part process. The "straight" portion as 1 segment, which I usually do almost exclusively with my rotary files and then the curved portion which I'll regularly spend a bunch of time ("a bunch" often being a relative term that usually isn't more than 3 to 5 minutes except with the most severe of curvatures) with hand files getting around that curve and then gradually opening up the canal

    3) Plenty of canal lubricant! If you're wondering if you have enough, then you likely need some more! If you think you have enough, then you likely need some more! ;)

    4) When in doubt, pull out! (this applies on many levels ;) ) If you're feeling some tension as the file is cutting and you're not sure if it's the correct amount, not enough, or too much, pull the file back out!! Much better to have to clean and re-insert a file a bunch of times than it is to push a file too far and have to either break out your ultra sonic tip and try and retrieve the broken file yourself or send the patient to the endodontit and have them attempt to retreive the file.

    5) At some point, if you do enough endo, even with the best techniques and precautions, you will break a file. It just happens. And when it does, just remain calm, talk with the patient and tell them what the plan is from that moment forward. That's always the best way to handle any unanticpated complication that may arise.
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  3. OceanDMD

    OceanDMD Rather be fishing
    7+ Year Member

    Oct 25, 2006
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    Nice article, couple of thoughts:

    Opening the coronal third to create straight line access is critical. Using gates was mentioned, to simplify this the pro-taper SX file does it nicely in one shot. Creating the glide path is the next step, my technique is to instrument to .15 files at a working length that is .5mm long, then finishing with a .20 file to length. Will it create post up discomfort? Maybe, but frankly this has not been an issue. What it does is guarantee patency and make it much tougher to plug the apex. I also like to recapitulate after EVERY file. It only takes like 10 seconds, and helps prevent blockage. I like to finish with protaper F2 and F3 files. These tapers are .08 and .09 respectively. Once my finishing file has been instrumented, ill take the corresponding .25 or .30 hand file (.04 taper) to length, and give it a light tap. If the file moves apically, the canal needs to be instrumented to a larger diameter. Otherwise, yau are ready to fill. The simplicity of one rotary system which protaper provides is nice and less expensive.

    Gotta love endo, and if you get good at treating these cases it will give you a nice bump in production.

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