Denervation Hypersensitivity

Discussion in 'Medical Students - MD' started by dinesh, Nov 20, 2005.

  1. dinesh

    dinesh Senior Member
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    I'm reading some pharm notes here, everything is going great , except for this.

    All I know is that the responce is enhanced after blockage, but why?
     
  2. dinesh

    dinesh Senior Member
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    Bump?
    Exam tommorrow :(
     
  3. leverp2000

    leverp2000 Senior Member
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    The way to think about it is in terms of the receptors. If you denervate, the receptors are not going to be activated as much under normal conditions (no neurotransmitter binding, only hormonal stimulation). If the receptors are not activated, they become more sensitive to stimulus (has to do with a lot of signal transduction cascades - phosphorylation state, how easy it activates secondary messengers, how secondary messenger are degraded, and how quickly the receptor is deactivated) and also there may be production of more receptors (transcriptional compensation). So if the receptors are hypersensitive and you give an agonist drug, there will be a hypersensitive (enhanced) response.
     
  4. dinesh

    dinesh Senior Member
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    So the absence of any agonists for a while simply makes it more sensitive?
     
  5. leverp2000

    leverp2000 Senior Member
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    Yup. Absence of agonist makes it more sensitive. Excess of agonist makes it less sensitive. Body just tries to compensate for all the stuff that gets thrown at it. Gotta love homeostasis.
     
  6. dinesh

    dinesh Senior Member
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    K thanks :)
     

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