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Inductive effect and dipole

Discussion in 'MCAT Study Question Q&A' started by MikeMitchell, Jul 31, 2011.

  1. MikeMitchell

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    Is the inductive effect simply an explanation for what causes a dipole moment between two atoms of different electronegativity across a sigma bond, or is there something else I'm missing?

    Thanks
     
  2. Majik

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    Yeah, the inductive effect is the pulling of electron density through sigma bonds. This occurs when atoms have different electronegativities. The electron cloud is attracted to the more electronegative moment. Usually this is contrasted with Resonance in which electrons delocalize via pi-bonds.
     

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