We could have equal laws in this country if things were equal/equitable for everyone. Our country literally had to amend it's constitution and makes acts of Congress because people of a certain skin tone weren't being treated fairly. An strong argument against Affirmative Action would be much more legit if education was equal across the board but we're all smart enough and well read enough to know that's not the case. We can talk about "equal spending per student" all we want but we know the caliber of a public school in say, Irvington, NY isn't the same a public school in the south side of Chicago.
Edit: We actually do have equal laws on paper
I’m all for investing more in early education, public schools and enforcing those “equal laws on paper” - we can all agree on that.
Policies like affirmative action (ie positive discrimination) are terrible. Not only do they create more resentment and polarization of society, they actually hurt those meant to help (ie, black and brown people) because they make other suspicious of the qualifications/merits of those that actually have “made it.”
The opportunity piece is truly hard, because no matter the amount of money you invest into kids, having a single parent household or a cultural upbringing that doesn’t value education make a 10 fold difference compared to the public infrastructure available. This has been shown time and time again. It’s the parents that matter- not the school (and interestingly, biggest factor not being wealth of parents, as poor Asian kids do great). Not sure how to solve this deep issue but what we are doing (ie affirmative action) is making things worse and is an abject failure.