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lots of gchem questions...

Discussion in 'DAT Discussions' started by msu08, Dec 29, 2008.

  1. msu08

    7+ Year Member

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    anyone want to try and explain these??

    1) Normality of a Kpermanganate solution is 2.10. what is the molarity of the soln if in the course of the reaction the potassium permanganate is changed to manganese dioxide? answer is .7

    i understand normality, and see that 2.10 is divided by 3, to get .7 but why 3?

    2) If 3L of .5M NaCl is mixed with 9.0 L of .2777 M of NaCl what is the final concentration of the resulting soln? answer is .33M

    3) How many grams of Al2(S04)3 are needed to make 87.5g of .3m Al2(SO4)3 soln? atomic weights of Al= 27, S=32, O=16
    answer is (87.5 x 102.6)/1102.6

    4) What is the mole fraction of C2H5OH in an aquesous soln that is simultaneously 3.86m C2H5OH and 2.14m CH3OH?
    answer is 3.86/61.55

    any help is GREATLY appreciated!! thanks!
     
  2. Panther85

    2+ Year Member

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    1. yea its 3... NaCl breaks into Na+ and Cl-... so its 2. K+ MnO4- was at "2" but the problem states that it was now MnO2 which is 3 particles im guessing

    2. such a tedious problem. ok u cant just add the M concentrations. u need to find the total moles of EACH solution separate (1.5 and 2.5). then add them together! thus u get 4... take 4 and divide it by the 2 total volumes (9+3=12) 4/12=.3333
     
  3. Danny289

    Danny289 Member
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    1- you know the normality formula N=M X n
    n is different in bases and acids ( the number of "OH" or "H") in oxidation reduction is the number of electron change:
    KMno4=======> Mno2
    for Mn
    Mn+7+ 3e ====> Mn+4 ====> that is "3" you are looking for.

    2- is already answered.

    3- for this question find out how much Al2(SO4)3 you need in 87.5g, 0.3 sol.
    in other hand change the problem to this.
    "how many grams Al2(SO4)3 in 87.5 g of 0.3M solution?"
    (87.5/1000)X 0.3 X 342
    4- in mole fraction remember water (1000gr water)
    1000/18= 55.5
    now add all the moles: 55.55 +3.86 + 2.14= 61.55
    3.86/61.55 for C2H5OH
     

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