How conducive is an MD to research? How viable is it to pursue an MD mainly for research? Does an MD offer any advantages to a PhD when going into research? Is clinical work and research mutually exclusive, or can an MD pursue both upon completion of his education? (And if both, would that necessitate both admission to residency and a postdoc program?) Is a post doc required for an MD to do research? (Major research, not just second/third author at some shoddy journal) I know the NIH pays off a portion of MD loans upon admission to a post doc program, is there anything that can be done about the rest? What I'm generally trying to understand is what is the extent to which a physician can pursue research.