I know there are several threads about this, but none seem to mention a few things. That said, I am thinking about pursuing neurosurgery. I really like neuroscience and the combination of surgery. But, I know neurosurgeon's hours are crazy and I want to have some life outside of work. So I have some questions in regard to academic neurosurgeons in large institutions (e.g. Massachusetts General, NY Presbyterian, Johns Hopkins, etc.): Can you limit your hours in exchange for lower pay to 70/75 hours? Not too concerned about this, but how much vacation time do you get? Also, is there any opportunity/time to do research? Who has a better lifestyle academic or private practice? Is the residency worth it in the end? Basically, can you have a semi-normal life to go to dinner, parties, etc as a neurosurgeon? Thanks in advance.