Chandler

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It is a known fact that Buzzwords are being phased out on Step 1 examinations. However, it is still a quick way to reinforce your knowledge and jog back your memories of key associations and primary diseases. I'm a huge fan of repetition. So here we go. Add and Post answers to help out other SNDers.

1. Naphthalamine
2. TRAP stains
3. Smudge Cells
4. Bilateral Hilar Lymphadenopathy, African American Female
5. Bentz Jones Proteins
6. Koplik Spots
7. Clue Cells
8. Councilman bodies
 

Pox in a box

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It is a known fact that Buzzwords are being phased out on Step 1 examinations. However, it is still a quick way to reinforce your knowledge and jog back your memories of key associations and primary diseases. I'm a huge fan of repetition. So here we go. Add and Post answers to help out other SNDers.

1. Naphthalamine - Bladder Cancer
2. TRAP stains - Hairy Cell Leukemia
3. Smudge Cells - Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
4. Bilateral Hilar Lymphadenopathy, African American Female - Sarcoidosis
5. Bence Jones Proteins - Multiple Myeloma, Waldenstrom's macroglobulinemia
6. Koplik Spots - Measles
7. Clue Cells - Gardnerella vaginalis
8. Councilman bodies - Toxic or viral hepatitis
9. Auer rods -
10. Basophilic Stippling of RBCs -
11. Currant-jelly sputum -
12. Ferruginous bodies -
13. Negri bodies -
14. Pannus -
15. Kimmelstiel-Wilson nodules -
16. Koilocytes -
17. Lisch nodules -
18.
 

rachana

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It is a known fact that Buzzwords are being phased out on Step 1 examinations. However, it is still a quick way to reinforce your knowledge and jog back your memories of key associations and primary diseases. I'm a huge fan of repetition. So here we go. Add and Post answers to help out other SNDers.

1. Naphthalamine - Bladder Cancer
2. TRAP stains - Hairy Cell Leukemia
3. Smudge Cells - Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
4. Bilateral Hilar Lymphadenopathy, African American Female - Sarcoidosis
5. Bence Jones Proteins - Multiple Myeloma, Waldenstrom's macroglobulinemia
6. Koplik Spots - Measles
7. Clue Cells - Gardnerella vaginalis
8. Councilman bodies - Toxic or viral hepatitis
9. Auer rods - acute myeloid leukemia
10. Basophilic Stippling of RBCs - lead poisoning
11. Currant-jelly sputum -Klebsiella pneumoniae
12. Ferruginous bodies -asbestosis
13. Negri bodies - rabies
14. Pannus -rheumatoid arthritis
15. Kimmelstiel-Wilson nodules - diabetic glomerulonephropathy
16. Koilocytes -HPV
17. Lisch nodules - ??
18. Demyelinating disease with ascending muscle weakness -
19. t(9,22) (Philadelphia chromosome) -
20. Friedrich's ataxia, myotonic dystophy, & Huntington's Disease all show this genetic phenomenon -
21. Monoarticular arthritis of knee in 16 y.o. female -
22. Antipsychotic drug that rarely causes agranulocytosis -
23. Nystagmus, intention tremor, scanning speech -
24. Codman's triangle on XR -
25. Bug of concern with cystic fibrosis patient -
 

Pox in a box

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It is a known fact that Buzzwords are being phased out on Step 1 examinations. However, it is still a quick way to reinforce your knowledge and jog back your memories of key associations and primary diseases. I'm a huge fan of repetition. So here we go. Add and Post answers to help out other SNDers.

1. Naphthalamine - Bladder Cancer
2. TRAP stains - Hairy Cell Leukemia
3. Smudge Cells - Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
4. Bilateral Hilar Lymphadenopathy, African American Female - Sarcoidosis
5. Bence Jones Proteins - Multiple Myeloma, Waldenstrom's macroglobulinemia
6. Koplik Spots - Measles
7. Clue Cells - Gardnerella vaginalis
8. Councilman bodies - Toxic or viral hepatitis
9. Auer rods - acute myeloid leukemia
10. Basophilic Stippling of RBCs - lead poisoning
11. Currant-jelly sputum - Klebsiella pneumoniae
12. Ferruginous bodies -asbestosis
13. Negri bodies - rabies
14. Pannus - rheumatoid arthritis
15. Kimmelstiel-Wilson nodules - diabetic glomerulonephropathy
16. Koilocytes - HPV
17. Lisch nodules - ??
18. Demyelinating disease with ascending muscle weakness -
19. t(9,22) (Philadelphia chromosome) -
20. Friedrich's ataxia, myotonic dystophy, & Huntington's Disease all show this genetic phenomenon - nucleotide repeats
21. Monoarticular arthritis of knee in 16 y.o. female -
22. Antipsychotic drug that rarely causes agranulocytosis -
23. Nystagmus, intention tremor, scanning speech -
24. Codman's triangle on XR - Osteogenic sarcoma
25. Bug of concern with cystic fibrosis patient - Pseudomonas
 

Thaitanium

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I think this post would be much more effective if we defined the buzzwords (like how the Step would do it) rather than the 'buzzwords' themselves, which are a dead giveaway.

Lisch nodules-pigmented iris hamartomas of the eye-->Neurofibromatosis

Also, associated with disease are cafe au lait spots, numerous pigmented skin lesions.

Neurofibromas-neural tumors dispersed anywhere on or in the body, composed mainly of Schwann cells.

NF1 gene is mutated in this disease. It is a tumor suppressor gene.

Pheochromocytoma-pts. have a 2-fold to 4-fold greater risk of developing other tumors such as pheochromocytomas (in FA), Wilms tumor, rhabdomyosarcomas.
-------------------------------------------------
Codman's triangle-characteristic of but not diagnostic of Osteosarcoma, also known as osteogenic sarcoma

-Codman's triangle occurs as a result of the tumor breaking through the bone (search for an image on the internet to see how it looks like).
-------------------------------------------------
Symmetric, Ascending muscle weakness, demyelinating disease-Guillan Barre syndrome

GBS is associated with albumino-cytologic dissociation (anyone want to explain what this means?)

Other notes on GBS:
-peripheral nerves, motor fibers of ventral roots are affected; although sensory involvement can often be detected, it is less troublesome than the weakness.
-approx. 2/3 of cases are preceded by influenza-like illness, usually viral
-death is possible via respiratory paralysis, autonomic instability


These posts really do help. When I am doing questions, etc. I totally remember things that I read from SDN, but somehow forget the things I read in books :laugh: !

-Hope this helps!
 

bigfrank

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I'm reviewing for Neuro Shelf.......... enjoy ...........

"Lucid Interval" =
"Catalase +, Coagulase +" =
"My urine is Red after taking this medicine, doc!" =
"CAG trinucleotide repeats" =
"CTG trinucleotide repeats" =
"CGG trinucleotide repeats" =
"Startle Myoclonus" =
"Priapism" =
"Eye cannot adduct with paralysis in the contralateral abducting eye" =
"Conjunctivitis, Urethritis, and Arthritis" =
"Confusion, Ataxia, and Ophthalmoplegia" =
"Pupil-sparing CN III lesion is due to" =
"Optic Atrophy and Contralateral Papilledema" raises suspicion of =
"greenish/brownish rings around cornea" = _____ and is associated with _______
"NT implicated in Huntington's Disease" =
"Neglect of the entire left side of eye field" implies lesion of __________
"Isolated CN III palsy is associated with which vascular lesion" =
"CN involved when person hears even quiet sounds as TOO LOUD" =
"Patient with epilepsy is given a drug that [rarely but classically] causes Pancreatitis" =
"Know anticonvulsants/mood stabilizers that cause: SIADH, gingival hyperplasia, Agranulocytosis, lethal rash (SJS), Thrombocytopenia, Nephrogenic DI, weight loss/weight gain, Ebstein's Anomaly, Neural Tube Defects, Renal stones, Hypothyroidism" =
"2 Drugs to treat Absence seizures" =
"Artery ruptured in Epidural Hematoma is a branch of what artery" =
"Elderly patient is incontinent of urine, demented, and ataxic" (subacute onset) =
"Cancer associated with 'paralysis of upward and downward gaze'" =
"Hypersexuality, Hyperphagia, Docile behavior" is associated with which brain lesion =
"Visual Defect due to large pituitary adenoma" =
"Sudden flailing of R arm" is associated with lesion of =
"Why do antipsychotic medications sometimes cause Galactorrhea" =
"NT released from Raphe Nucleus" =
"NT released from Nucleus Basalis of Mynert" =
"Carbidopa is an inhibitor of which enzyme" =
"Visual defect associated with LEFT temporal lobe lesion (Meyer's Loop)" =
"Components of Striatum" =
"Components of Lenticulate nucleus" =
"Artery associated with acute onset of left leg paralysis/numbness" =
"Prominent Extensor weakness is associated with which heavy metal poisoning" =
"Which antidepressants can cause QTc prolongation" =
"Antidepressant with low risk of sexual side effects" =
"Which type of CVA causes stuttering course" =
"Which type of CVA has more florid onset" =
"Derivatives of the Mesencephalon and Rhombencephalon" =
"2 Drugs to treat hyperpyrexia, and rigidity in patient given Haldol" =
"Which Benzodiazepine to give a patient with alcohol withdrawal and AST of 1,100" = Klonazepam, Lorazepam, or Chlordiazepoxide???
"LOBAR hemorrage in elderly patient without history of HTN or other CVA risk factors" =
"Meningitis in IVDU with CD4+ count of 100" =
"Patient with hereditary failure of proximal tubules to absorb Tryptophan should be supplemented with what additional AA" =

:idea:
 

HiddenTruth

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I'm reviewing for Neuro Shelf.......... enjoy ...........

"Lucid Interval" =
"Catalase +, Coagulase +" = staph aureus
"My urine is Red after taking this medicine, doc!" = Rifampin
"CAG trinucleotide repeats" =
"CTG trinucleotide repeats" =
"CGG trinucleotide repeats" =
"Startle Myoclonus" =
"Priapism" = trazadone
"Eye cannot adduct with paralysis in the contralateral abducting eye" =
"Conjunctivitis, Urethritis, and Arthritis" = chlamydia ?
"Confusion, Ataxia, and Ophthalmoplegia" = wernickes encephalopathy (assoc c thiamine deficiency)
"Pupil-sparing CN III lesion is due to" =
"Optic Atrophy and Contralateral Papilledema" raises suspicion of =
"greenish/brownish rings around cornea" = _____ and is associated with _______
"NT implicated in Huntington's Disease" =
"Neglect of the entire left side of eye field" implies lesion of temporal lobe?
"Isolated CN III palsy is associated with which vascular lesion" =
"CN involved when person hears even quiet sounds as TOO LOUD" =
"Patient with epilepsy is given a drug that [rarely but classically] causes Pancreatitis" = VPA?
"Know anticonvulsants/mood stabilizers that cause: SIADH = carbamazepine, gingival hyperplasia = phenytoin, Agranulocytosis = clozapine, lethal rash (SJS) = lamotrigine/ethosux, Thrombocytopenia, Nephrogenic DI = Li, weight loss/weight gain = topiramate ?, Ebstein's Anomaly= ?, Neural Tube Defects = phenytoin, VPA, (folate deficiency), Renal stones = topiramate, Hypothyroidism = lithium"
"2 Drugs to treat Absence seizures" = vpa and ethosuximide
"Artery ruptured in Epidural Hematoma is a branch of what artery" =
"Elderly patient is incontinent of urine, demented, and ataxic" (subacute onset) =
"Cancer associated with 'paralysis of upward and downward gaze'" =
"Hypersexuality, Hyperphagia, Docile behavior" is associated with which brain lesion =
"Visual Defect due to large pituitary adenoma" =
"Sudden flailing of R arm" is associated with lesion of =
"Why do antipsychotic medications sometimes cause Galactorrhea" = dopamine inhibits prolactine release; thus, inhibiting dopamine with dopamine antagonists results in an increase in prolactin
"NT released from Raphe Nucleus" =
"NT released from Nucleus Basalis of Mynert" =
"Carbidopa is an inhibitor of which enzyme" = amino acid decarboxylase (breaks down levadopa extracerebrally)
"Visual defect associated with LEFT temporal lobe lesion (Meyer's Loop)" =
"Components of Striatum" =
"Components of Lenticulate nucleus" =
"Artery associated with acute onset of left leg paralysis/numbness" =
"Prominent Extensor weakness is associated with which heavy metal poisoning" =
"Which antidepressants can cause QTc prolongation" = tricyclics (TCA's)
"Antidepressant with low risk of sexual side effects" = venlexafine, bupropion ?
"Which type of CVA causes stuttering course" =
"Which type of CVA has more florid onset" =
"Derivatives of the Mesencephalon and Rhombencephalon" =
"2 Drugs to treat hyperpyrexia, and rigidity in patient given Haldol" = dantrolene and bromocriptine
"Which Benzodiazepine to give a patient with alcohol withdrawal and AST of 1,100" = Klonazepam, Lorazepam, or Chlordiazepoxide???
"LOBAR hemorrage in elderly patient without history of HTN or other CVA risk factors" =
"Meningitis in IVDU with CD4+ count of 100" = cryptococcus neoformans
"Patient with hereditary failure of proximal tubules to absorb Tryptophan should be supplemented with what additional AA" = Hartnup's syndrome, should get all essential amino acids ? (should also get niacin (niacin is made from trp)

:idea:[/QUOTE]

gosh i forgot my neuro
 

rachana

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The albuminocytologic dissociation of Guillain-Barre is that the CSF usually has a high protein level but a normal cell count.

I'm going to give a few of these a try... if I'm wrong, please do correct! :)

"Lucid Interval" = epidural hemorrhage
"Catalase +, Coagulase +" = staph aureus
"My urine is Red after taking this medicine, doc!" = Rifampin
"CAG trinucleotide repeats" = Huntington's Disease
"CTG trinucleotide repeats" = myotonic dystrophy
"CGG trinucleotide repeats" = ?
"Startle Myoclonus" = ?
"Priapism" = trazadone
"Eye cannot adduct with paralysis in the contralateral abducting eye" = lesion of the medial longitudinal fasciculus (does this have some special name?)
"Conjunctivitis, Urethritis, and Arthritis" = Reiter's Syndrome ("can't see, can't pee, can't climb a tree")
"Confusion, Ataxia, and Ophthalmoplegia" = wernickes encephalopathy (assoc c thiamine deficiency)
"Pupil-sparing CN III lesion is due to" =
"Optic Atrophy and Contralateral Papilledema" raises suspicion of =
"greenish/brownish rings around cornea" = Kaiser-Fleisch rings (sp?) and is associated with Wilson's Disease ??
"NT implicated in Huntington's Disease" =
"Neglect of the entire left side of eye field" implies lesion of temporal lobe? Is this the same thing as L homonymous hemianopsia?
"Isolated CN III palsy is associated with which vascular lesion" =
"CN involved when person hears even quiet sounds as TOO LOUD" =
"Patient with epilepsy is given a drug that [rarely but classically] causes Pancreatitis" = VPA?
"Know anticonvulsants/mood stabilizers that cause: SIADH = carbamazepine, gingival hyperplasia = phenytoin, Agranulocytosis = clozapine, lethal rash (SJS) = lamotrigine/ethosux, Thrombocytopenia, Nephrogenic DI = Li, weight loss/weight gain = topiramate ?, Ebstein's Anomaly= ?, Neural Tube Defects = phenytoin, VPA, (folate deficiency), Renal stones = topiramate, Hypothyroidism = lithium"
"2 Drugs to treat Absence seizures" = vpa and ethosuximide
"Artery ruptured in Epidural Hematoma is a branch of what artery" =
"Elderly patient is incontinent of urine, demented, and ataxic" (subacute onset) = normal pressure hydrocephalus
"Cancer associated with 'paralysis of upward and downward gaze'" = tumor of the pineal gland (but isn't this only paralysis of upward gaze?)
"Hypersexuality, Hyperphagia, Docile behavior" is associated with which brain lesion =
"Visual Defect due to large pituitary adenoma" = bitemporal hemianopsia d/t lesion of optic chiasm
"Sudden flailing of R arm" is associated with lesion of =
"Why do antipsychotic medications sometimes cause Galactorrhea" = dopamine inhibits prolactine release; thus, inhibiting dopamine with dopamine antagonists results in an increase in prolactin
"NT released from Raphe Nucleus" = serotonin
"NT released from Nucleus Basalis of Mynert" =
"Carbidopa is an inhibitor of which enzyme" = amino acid decarboxylase (breaks down levadopa extracerebrally)
"Visual defect associated with LEFT temporal lobe lesion (Meyer's Loop)" = contralateral superior quadrantanopia
"Components of Striatum" = putamen + caudate nucleus
"Components of Lenticulate nucleus" =
"Artery associated with acute onset of left leg paralysis/numbness" =
"Prominent Extensor weakness is associated with which heavy metal poisoning" =
"Which antidepressants can cause QTc prolongation" = tricyclics (TCA's)
"Antidepressant with low risk of sexual side effects" = venlexafine, bupropion ?
"Which type of CVA causes stuttering course" =
"Which type of CVA has more florid onset" =
"Derivatives of the Mesencephalon and Rhombencephalon" =
"2 Drugs to treat hyperpyrexia, and rigidity in patient given Haldol" = dantrolene and bromocriptine
"Which Benzodiazepine to give a patient with alcohol withdrawal and AST of 1,100" = Klonazepam, Lorazepam, or Chlordiazepoxide???
"LOBAR hemorrage in elderly patient without history of HTN or other CVA risk factors" =
"Meningitis in IVDU with CD4+ count of 100" = cryptococcus neoformans
"Patient with hereditary failure of proximal tubules to absorb Tryptophan should be supplemented with what additional AA" = Hartnup's syndrome, should get all essential amino acids ? (should also get niacin (niacin is made from trp)
 

rachana

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Ok I'm a nerd and am writing questions instead of going to bed...

1. Osteogenesis imperfecta is characterized by a deficiency of synthesis of ________? And what type?

2. A 13-year-old boy presents with a painful enlarging mass in his right thigh. The affected site is swollen, warm and tender. The mass, once resected, shows many small round cells with little cytoplasm. What is this mass called?

3. What is the most common cause of right heart failure?

4. Over time a congenital left-to-right shunt of blood flow through the heart causes increased pulmonary vascular resistance and eventually becomes a right-to-left shunt. What is this called?

5. This disease is the most frequent cause of the nephrotic syndrome in children. It responds dramatically to corticosteroid therapy. What is it?
 

lattimer13

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rachana said:
Ok I'm a nerd and am writing questions instead of going to bed...

1. Osteogenesis imperfecta is characterized by a deficiency of synthesis of ________? And what type?

2. A 13-year-old boy presents with a painful enlarging mass in his right thigh. The affected site is swollen, warm and tender. The mass, once resected, shows many small round cells with little cytoplasm. What is this mass called?

3. What is the most common cause of right heart failure?

4. Over time a congenital left-to-right shunt of blood flow through the heart causes increased pulmonary vascular resistance and eventually becomes a right-to-left shunt. What is this called?

5. This disease is the most frequent cause of the nephrotic syndrome in children. It responds dramatically to corticosteroid therapy. What is it?

1. type 1 collagen

2. ??? ewing sarcoma...i'm guessing on this one and had to cheat with BRS path since we haven't covered all of Musculoskeletal in path yet.

3. left heart failure

4. eisenmenger's syndrome

5. minimal change disease (lipoid nephrosis)
 

bigfrank

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