No specific order and most definitely forgetting some great programs- these are programs that I learned about at last weeks AAPOS meeting-
Duke (Dr. Freedman), Wills (Dr. Levin), UCLA (Dr. Demer), Boston Children's (Dr. Walton, Dr. Hunter), CHOP (Dr. Forbes, Dr. Mills), Children's National (Dr. Park's started the field).
I think Peds ophtho is one of those sub-specialities that still has legends that you really want to train under or have that reputation to work in said department. It's a fantastic field with various trail blazers who are redefining the future of peds ophtho.
I'm pretty sure Children's National was the first peds ophtho department, but don't quote me on that. I'd add UW-Seattle Children's with Dr. Weiss. CHLA has some unique stuff in their department (one of the only peds cornea centers). I'm sure Baylor, Michigan, and Wash U have great programs with each having top children's hospitals-Texas Children's, Mott's, and St.Louis Children's-affiliated with them (and they are top overall programs).