Dentista08

looking for a practice!
10+ Year Member
5+ Year Member
Jul 25, 2008
228
0
Boston, MA
Status
Dental Student, Dentist
I just dont get where did 2.854 came from? How do we know the concentrations of the products? Please see attachment
The answer is A not b
 

Attachments

chessxwizard

10+ Year Member
7+ Year Member
Jul 28, 2007
291
0
Status
Pre-Dental
So in this question, they give you the moles of starting reactant, volume of the container, and the percent of products that are formed. First of all, you need to find the molarity of the reactants:

14.250 moles PCl5 / 3 L container = 4.75M PCl5
And you know that 40% of the reactants are formed into products:

.40 x 4.75 M = 1.9 M of each PCl3 and Cl2 are formed in the reaction.

Then the reaction proceeds in the way written... create an ICE table and plug in the values, keeping everything written in moles/L:

PCl5 -> PCl3 + Cl2
initial 4.75 0 0
change -x x x
equilib. 4.75-x x x

But we know that x = 1.9M, since that's how much is formed at the end of the reaction! So for the Kc value, we just plug in x into the equilibrium values:

PCl5 @ Equilibrium: 4.75-1.9 = 2.85M
PCl3 @ Equilibrium: 1.9M
Cl2 @ Equilibrium: 1.9M

Therefore, Kc = [Cl2][PCl3]/[PCl5]
= [1.9^2]/[2.85], choice A.
 

Dentista08

looking for a practice!
10+ Year Member
5+ Year Member
Jul 25, 2008
228
0
Boston, MA
Status
Dental Student, Dentist
So in this question, they give you the moles of starting reactant, volume of the container, and the percent of products that are formed. First of all, you need to find the molarity of the reactants:

14.250 moles PCl5 / 3 L container = 4.75M PCl5
And you know that 40% of the reactants are formed into products:

.40 x 4.75 M = 1.9 M of each PCl3 and Cl2 are formed in the reaction.

Then the reaction proceeds in the way written... create an ICE table and plug in the values, keeping everything written in moles/L:

PCl5 -> PCl3 + Cl2
initial 4.75 0 0
change -x x x
equilib. 4.75-x x x

But we know that x = 1.9M, since that's how much is formed at the end of the reaction! So for the Kc value, we just plug in x into the equilibrium values:

PCl5 @ Equilibrium: 4.75-1.9 = 2.85M
PCl3 @ Equilibrium: 1.9M
Cl2 @ Equilibrium: 1.9M

Therefore, Kc = [Cl2][PCl3]/[PCl5]
= [1.9^2]/[2.85], choice A.
:thumbup: totally get it now!!! thank you
 
About the Ads

sciencegod

Super Member
10+ Year Member
Nov 20, 2008
198
0
Status
Pre-Dental
So in this question, they give you the moles of starting reactant, volume of the container, and the percent of products that are formed. First of all, you need to find the molarity of the reactants:

14.250 moles PCl5 / 3 L container = 4.75M PCl5
And you know that 40% of the reactants are formed into products:

.40 x 4.75 M = 1.9 M of each PCl3 and Cl2 are formed in the reaction.

Then the reaction proceeds in the way written... create an ICE table and plug in the values, keeping everything written in moles/L:

PCl5 -> PCl3 + Cl2
initial 4.75 0 0
change -x x x
equilib. 4.75-x x x

But we know that x = 1.9M, since that's how much is formed at the end of the reaction! So for the Kc value, we just plug in x into the equilibrium values:

PCl5 @ Equilibrium: 4.75-1.9 = 2.85M
PCl3 @ Equilibrium: 1.9M
Cl2 @ Equilibrium: 1.9M

Therefore, Kc = [Cl2][PCl3]/[PCl5]
= [1.9^2]/[2.85], choice A.
i dont get it. if 40% gets det decomposed. doesnt that mean that 40% which is 1.9 M should be split into the two products and each one should only be .95?
 

Svart Aske

Dental Padawan
10+ Year Member
Jun 7, 2008
1,017
243
i dont get it. if 40% gets det decomposed. doesnt that mean that 40% which is 1.9 M should be split into the two products and each one should only be .95?
Each mole of PCl5 splits into a mole of PCl3 and Cl2 each. This is basic stoichiometry; think back to the Initial Change Equilibrium (ICE) chart in gen chem.
 
About the Ads