There's two things you need to know to answer that question.
On the second part of your question: look at a normal cosine graph. Can you see how it's symmetrical about the y axis? starting from x=0, look at the value of cosine at 45 degrees. Now look at the value of cosine at -45 degrees. They're the same. For every value of x, cos(x) has the same value as cos(-x). cos (-x) = cos (x)
Now for the first part of your question: look at the cosine graph again. See how it makes a full cycle every 360 degrees? That means cos (x) = cos (x+360). Now notice that every 180 degrees, it flips its sign but has the same absolute value, so that cos (x) = -cos (x+180)
so for x = -64
cos (-64) = -cos (-64+180) = -cos (116)
BUT because of the cos identity cos (-64) = cos (64),
cos (64) = -cos (116) or
-cos (64) = cos (116)