Jul 31, 2014
I've only really encountered 1 mirror/lens discrete question. I read the AAMC explanation and they want you to use the ray diagram. Do you really need to know how to do it? EK has a simpler method..basically says converging lens and concave mirrors form real, inverted, and positive images. Will that be sufficient? I do know the other formulas like how to find the magnification and focal length.
Oct 10, 2014
I don't think you need to know how to construct ray diagrams. For the convex mirror and diverging lens, remember SUV (smaller, upright, virtual).
For the concave mirror and convex lens, play around with animations you can find on Google until you have a little video in mind of how the image changes as you vary the position of the object.
I agree with justadream above, but you'll really want to have a good qualitative idea in mind in the high stress of the real thing.