I've noticed surgeons in certain fields doing the 1 year surgical critical care fellowship despite the fact that they are not CCM docs, but are some other type of surgeon For example, I've seen peds surgeons at a couple of different medical school have surgical critical care fellowships. Two reasons come to mind when I see this 1. I would imagine they are doing this to become better at managing the type of patients they are taking care of (ie obviously very sick patients on the PICU, not exactly same day surgery type of stuff) 2. Peds surgery is so ridiculously competitive, so they did this to help them get a fellowship? I'm taking a wild guess that it's number one. If other types of surgeons did the same thing, I'd definitely say #1, but the fact that I've only seen it in peds surgery makes me wonder.