Hi all, have some detailed questions about the path to specialization in milmed. So, say you're in your last year of residency (say IM), and you'd like to apply for a fellowship (say cards or GI). 1. So, I know typically you're expected to do a utilization tour as an internist before you start your fellowship. This makes sense if you're applying FTIS (in-service fellowship) b/c there are so few spots. But what if you apply FTOS and get accepted into a civilian program? Would you be allowed to go straight from residency to FTOS, or are you still likely to do a utilization tour in between? 2. What exactly is the proper sequence of events? Do you apply in your last year of residency, are accepted, go on your utilization tour, then come back 2-3 years later to enroll in the fellowship program? Or, is your acceptance into the fellowship precluded until you complete your utilization tour? 3. If you're really interested in a particular specialization (and don't care about the difference in payback), is it wise to apply FTIS and FTOS at the same time? Thanks!