why Ophthalmology is not part of the optometry school. I mean why should i go to medical school and then apply for residency to be Ophthalmology, isn't Ophthalmology the anatomy, functions, pathology, and treatment of the eye.
Ophthalmology is a combined medical/surgical specialty. It encompasses all of the above, and adding on to that; prescriptions, medical treatment, and microsurgery. It goes for all physician specialties, but not just anyone could manage such responsibility. Optometrists are (basically) held to the same standards as physicians, but they mainly center around vision systems and processing. Eyes are tricky business.
My uncle is an ophthalmologist. Ophthalmology is nothing like optometry, at all. Optometrists do minor tests on the eye, and mostly work to make glasses for people. Ophthalmologists however are essentially eye *surgeons*. It would be like comaring a dental hygienist to an oral and maxilofacial surgeon. Sure they both work on teeth, but one does way more than the other. They do everything from cataract, glaucoma, trauma surgery, and just to copy from wikipedia:
Recession involves moving the insertion of a muscle posteriorly towards its origin.
Tightening / strengthening procedures
Advancement is the movement of an eye muscle from its original place of attachment on the eyeball to a more forward position.
Transposition / repositioning procedures
Adjustable suture surgery is a method of reattaching an extraocular muscle by means of a stitch that can be shortened or lengthened within the first post-operative day, to obtain better ocular alignment .
Refractive surgery aims to correct errors of refraction in the eye, reducing or eliminating the need for corrective lenses
Keratomilleusis is a method of reshaping the cornea surface to change its optical power. A disc of cornea is shaved off, quickly frozen, lathe-ground, then returned to its original power.
Osteo-Odonto-Keratoprosthesis (OOKP), in which support for an artificial cornea is created from a tooth and its surrounding jawbone. This is a still-experimental procedure used for patients with severely damaged eyes, generally from burns.
Vitreo-retinal surgery includes the following
Anterior vitrectomy is the removal of the front portion of vitreous tissue. It is used for preventing or treating vitreous loss during cataract or corneal surgery, or to remove misplaced vitreous in conditions such as aphakia pupillary block glaucoma.
Pars plana vitrectomy (PPV), or trans pars plana vitrectomy (TPPV), is a procedure to remove vitreous opacities and membranes through a pars plana incision. It is frequently combined with other intraocular procedures for the treatment of giant retinal tears, tractional retinal detachments, and posterior vitreous detachments.
Pan retinal photocoagulation (PRP) is a type of photocoagulation therapy used in the treatment of diabetic retinopathy.